The Australia Council
for the Arts has today released new research which examines the economic
conditions faced by practising professional artists in Australia and their
increasing value to society and the future of work.
Making Art Work: An Economic Study of Professional Artists in
Australia by David Throsby and Katya Petetskaya
is the sixth in a series carried out independently over thirty years by
Professor Throsby at Macquarie University, with funding from the Australia
For the first time the Council has
produced a companion report which provides a summary and response to the artist
survey. Making Art Work: A summary and response by the Australia Council for
the Arts places the findings alongside other literature and analysis to explore
the wider context for Australian artists.
Australia Council CEO Tony Grybowski
said that the arts are central to the lives of Australians and have a critical
role as we navigate accelerated technological and social change as a nation.
Given this research highlights increasing challenges to maintaining a viable
career as a professional artist in Australia Mr Grybowski said that action is
needed to ensure the immense value artists provide to our culture, identity and
economy is not further compromised.
“If we want Australian stories to keep
being told and Australia’s diverse artistic talent to succeed locally and
internationally we must consider the support structures, protections and
remuneration of Australian artists,” Mr Grybowski said.
The research highlights that artists’
skills and capabilities are also considered to be among those least likely to
be automated and increasingly sought in the workforces of the future. Artists
are well placed to respond to accelerated technological and social change.
Artists imagine new possibilities, embracing experimentation and disruption -
maintaining the crucial connection to what it means to be human.
Professor David Throsby said the study
highlights ongoing and increasing challenges to ensuring artist careers
continue to be sustainable in Australia.
“Artists are highly skilled
professionals with a passionate commitment to their craft – but too often they
are expected to work for love not money. The digital environment presents new
opportunities and challenges for artists. There are more ways to connect with
audiences and distribute work, but also greater exposure to unauthorised
exploitation of ideas and labours,” Professor Throsby said.
Making Art Work shows we are at a
critical point in Australian cultural life. The Australia Council for the Arts
believes it is vital that we recognise and support professional artists to
ensure we can make art work into the future.
annual incomes for professional artists in Australia are 21% below the Australian
workforce average, and income from creative work has decreased by 19% since the
last survey in 2009. This is at odds with the increasing value that Australians
place on the arts.
representation and income persist: 9% of artists identify with disability and
10% as having non-English speaking background, compared to 18% and 19%
respectively across the Australian population. Female artists earn 25% less
than male artists overall, and 30% less for creative work. Artists with
disability earn 42% less overall than artists without disability, compared to
8% in the last survey.
Almost eight in ten
artists (77%) mix creative practice with other work, in arts-related roles and
outside the arts. Half (51%) apply their creative skills in other industries,
up from 36% in 2009. Much of this is due to necessity rather than choice, with
66% of artists stating they would like to spend more time on their creative
practice. However, it also suggests opportunities for arts practice to take new
and varied forms, and underlines artists’ transferable skills and
interdisciplinary thinking - abilities considered vital for innovation and
future workforce needs.
A willingness to
obtain new skills is considered essential as workforces prepare for jobs that
have not yet been imagined. Artists embody a sense of lifelong learning, with
seven in ten (at all career stages) still engaged in training (72%, up from 39%
Over half (51%) of
artists work across more than one art form, up from 43% in 2009. Some crossovers
are more predictable (47% of composers also play music or sing), and others
less so (28% of dancers also create visual art).
is providing opportunities and challenges for artists. Many artists are
embracing new technology as the way forward. Almost seven in ten regularly use
technology in the process of creating art and 27% use the internet to create
collaborative or interactive art with others, up from 14% in 2009. Four in ten
are selling work online through their own site (41%) and the same proportion
are selling through a third party’s site (39%).
One third (33%) of
artists report having received payment through a copyright collecting society,
more than double the 15% in 2009. Around a quarter (26%) report their copyright
has been infringed in some way, and 21% their moral rights. Increased audience
expectations for free content, and opportunities for misappropriation and
unauthorised exploitation, pose significant challenges to artists’ rights and
Artists draw on a range
of structures and entities to support creative work – 30% report applying to
the Australia Council between 2010 and 2015, 26% to state and territory
governments and 24% to arts organisations.
The results of Making Art Work are based on responses from almost 1,000
Australian professional artists surveyed during late 2016 and early 2017.
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